What is Hemp oil or CBD Oil – 2018 Robert Erickson, M.D.
What is CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a naturally-occurring constituent of industrial hemp (cannabis sativa) plants. It is the most abundant non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis and is being scientifically investigated for numerous reasons. Most people have heard of a cannabinoid called THC, which is the ingredient in cannabis that gets users high. Unlike THC, CBD (cannabidiol) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid and does not cause a high.
What’s the difference between CBD from hemp and CBD from marijuana?
Both hemp and marijuana are from the same genus and species (cannabis sativa). The characteristic of having low THC is the single difference that distinguishes industrial hemp from marijuana. CBD taken from hemp and marijuana is the exact same compound. CBD is not associated with the intoxicating effects of marijuana.
Hemp oil is not an illegal substance in Florida. Hemp extract became known as Charlotte’s Web after the parents of a little girl named Charlotte Figi, who had a severe seizure disorder (where she was having up to 300 seizures per week), started giving their daughter a hemp extract low in THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) but high in CBD (cannabidiol). This greatly relieved the little girl’s symptoms. There are other plant products such as black pepper, clove extract, black truffles, green tea, Panax ginseng and hops that also contain non-Cannabis phytocannabinoids.
What is the ECS and what does the ECS do?
The ECS system (endocannabinoid system) is a primary homeostatic regulatory system with receptors throughout the entire body. Fish, animals and humans have their own ECS systems. The ECS system is not an anatomical/structural system such as the cardiovascular or musculoskeletal system, but works to keep a vast array of functions in equilibrium. Endocannabinoids broadly work as neuromodulators and help support a healthy stress response and positive mood, help support brain and nervous system health, promote relaxation and sleep, help gastrointestinal function, and help maintain a healthy inflammatory response throughout the body. They also provide pain relief from occasional soreness, and support a healthy immune function. Although these benefits have not been evaluated by the FDA, there are multiple patient reports supporting these observations.
Is All Hemp Oil the Same?
The short answer is “NO.” A 2017 Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) article reported test results of 84 hemp oil extracts found on-line. 55% of the products tested were either over or under labeled for the amount of CBD oil contained and some of the products had more than the 0.3% THC allowed by law. So hemp oil products vary from product to product and are not necessarily tested.
It should be noted the Hemp Oil we are talking about is derived from the plant stalks. Hemp seed oil is cold-pressed oil from the hemp seeds only. This contains no cannabinoids but does contain high levels of healthy Omega 3 & Omega 6 fatty acids and can be consumed or used as cooking oil.
At the Center we carry a high quality Hemp oil product that also contains phytocannabinoids from clove bud, black pepper fruit, hops, and rosemary in addition to the hemp stalk. The raw ingredients are imported from Europe and are processed into a soft-gel capsule. The supplier verifies this product is certified organic, non-GMO and has a standard purity, potency and quality. One gelcap contains 990mg of hemp extract. Although not evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration, feedback from our patients is this particular product relieves fibromyalgia pain, relieves nausea and gastrointestinal dysfunction (even in some patients with inflammatory bowel disease), helps improve sleep, reduces anxiety symptoms and improves mood.